Due to the urgent need of planners for statistics and climate information from different parts of the country and the inconsistency in the establishment of meteorological stations, which was done by different departments, officials considered it necessary to establish an independent meteorological unit in the country. A country affiliated with the Ministry of Roads was established.
This general office was later an independent organization under the Ministry of War, which rejoined the Ministry of Roads and Transportation after the Islamic Revolution. All assigned were synoptic, climatological, and rain gauge stations, each with its own observations.
In 1338 (Shamsi), Meteorology of Iran became the one hundred three member of the World Meteorological Organization.
Before the revolution, the Meteorological Organization was more in the service of aviation and aviation industry and less attention was paid to applied meteorological issues, but after the Islamic Revolution, along with its main mission of improving the country’s transportation safety and services to the defense and security sectors During the imposed war and crisis and risk management in the country, it has dealt with other areas of service, including agricultural meteorological activities and hydrology.
The Meteorological Organization of the country came under the supervision of the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development on June 21, 2011 with the vote of the 10th Parliament and the approval of the Guardian Council with the merger of the Ministry of Roads and Transportation and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development.